Waste Incineration: Environmental Benefits or Detriments?

Waste incineration is a complex technique involving the controlled burning of discarded materials, transforming them into ashes and gases. Contrary to the common perception that it is harmful when carried out responsibly and under strict environmental regulations, incineration can offer a range of benefits both for the environment and public health.

One of the primary benefits of incineration is its efficiency in reducing the volume of waste. By burning materials, they are transformed into ashes, occupying significantly less space than before. This is particularly important in regions where landfill space is limited.

Furthermore, incineration can also be a source of clean energy. The heat generated during the process can be used to generate electricity, contributing to reducing dependency on fossil fuels and mitigating greenhouse gas emissions.

In Brazil, the waste incineration process is regulated by Resolution No. 316/2002 of CONAMA (National Council for the Environment), which establishes strict limits for atmospheric pollutant emissions. These limits are closely monitored and controlled to ensure the protection of human health and the environment.

It is important to recognize that improper waste disposal continues to be one of the major environmental problems in Brazil. According to data from the Brazilian Association of Public Cleaning Companies and Special Waste (Abrelpe), millions of tons of special waste were sent to improper destinations in 2023, highlighting the need to adopt more sustainable waste management practices.

In this context, it is crucial to adopt sustainable approaches to incineration, prioritizing practices that minimize environmental impact and protect public health. Through investment in cutting-edge technologies, it is possible to ensure that the process is conducted responsibly, meeting not only environmental standards but also the concerns of the local community.

At UTD Suzano, we comply with all CONAMA regulations and maintain rigorous processes for controlling gas emissions. Our commitment to environmental safety and public health distinguishes us as a reliable partner for those seeking to dispose of their waste safely, environmentally responsibly, and in accordance with applicable laws. We are dedicated to promoting sustainable waste management and contributing to the construction of a cleaner and healthier future for all.